Residential heat pump installations are poised to rapidly accelerate over the next decade as part of the effort to electrify homes and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As of 2020, only 14% of America’s 124 million housing units used heat pumps for space heating.

To help households make sense of this technology and understand system and operational cost considerations, we discuss the benefits and challenges of scaling heat pump technology and use data from our national residential research network to explore regional variations in heat pump system performance.

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